bottom übersetzen: der Boden, der Hintern. Erfahren Sie mehr. entouragegorizia.eu | Übersetzungen für 'Bottom' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Übersetzung für 'bottom' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
He strained the muscles on his shoulders and buttocks. Switch to new thesaurus. A side or surface that is below or under: The lowest or supporting part or structure: A very low level, position, or degree: A point of origin from which ideas or influences, for example, originate: Opposite to or farthest from the top: Boden Hintern Popo unterer Unterseite.
A book of tickets, please A color film, please A colour film, please A cut and blow-dry, please A draft beer, please A draught beer, please A manual, please A month ago A month from now A one-way ticket to References in classic literature?
Then the box has two bottoms ," announced the Scarecrow, "for the bottom on the inside is fully an inch away from the bottom on the outside.
The other members of the party were asleep upon the thwarts or huddled in cramped positions in the bottom of the boat. The double door was open; and, accompanied by Captain Nemo, who was followed by a dozen of the crew, we set foot, at a depth of about thirty feet, on the solid bottom on which the Nautilus rested.
Cowering in the bottom of the boat, his teeth chattering in terror, he watched the man he feared above all other creatures upon the face of the earth as he ran quickly to the edge of the water.
A petition was presented to Parliament in calling for the prohibition of a "subtlety contrived instrument called the wondyrchoum ".
The response from the Crown was to "let Commission be made by qualified persons to inquire and certify on the truth of this allegation, and thereon let right be done in the Court of Chancery ".
Thus, already back in the Middle Ages, basic arguments about three of the most sensitive current issues surrounding trawling - the effect of trawling on the wider environment, the use of small mesh size, and of industrial fishing for animal feed - were already being raised.
Until the late 18th century sailing vessels were only capable of towing small trawls. However, in the closing years of that century a type of vessel emerged that was capable of towing a large trawl, in deeper waters.
The development of this type of craft, the sailing trawler, is credited to the fishermen of Brixham in Devon.
The new method proved to be far more efficient than traditional long-lining. At first its use was confined to the western half of the English Channel, but as the Brixham men extended their range to the North Sea and Irish Sea it became the norm there too.
By the end of the 19th century there were more than 3, sailing trawlers in commission in UK waters and the practice had spread to neighbouring European countries.
Despite the availability of steam, trawling under sail continued to be economically efficient, and sailing trawlers continued to be built until the middle of the s.
English commissions in the 19th century determined that there should be no limitation on trawling. They believed that bottom trawling, like tilling of land, actually increased production.
As evidence, they noted that a second trawler would often follow a first trawler, and that the second trawler would often harvest even more fish than the first.
The reason for this peculiarity is that the destruction caused by the first trawl resulted in many dead and dying organisms, which temporarily attracted a large number of additional species to feed on this moribund mass.
Bottom trawling has been widely implicated in the population collapse of a variety of fish species, locally and worldwide, including orange roughy , barndoor skate , shark , and many others.
The design requirements of a bottom trawl are relatively simple, a mechanism for keeping the mouth of the net open in horizontal and vertical dimensions, a "body" of net which guides fish inwards, and a "cod-end" of a suitable mesh size, where the fish are collected.
The size and design of net used is determined by the species being targeted, the engine power and design of the fishing vessel and locally enforced regulations.
The simplest method of bottom trawling, the mouth of the net is held open by a solid metal beam, attached to two "shoes", which are solid metal plates, welded to the ends of the beam, which slide over and disturb the seabed.
This method is mainly used on smaller vessels, fishing for flatfish or prawns , relatively close inshore. Otter trawling derives its name from the large rectangular otter boards which are used to keep the mouth of the trawl net open.
Otter boards are made of timber or steel and are positioned in such a way that the hydrodynamic forces, acting on them when the net is towed along the seabed, push them outwards and prevent the mouth of the net from closing.
These bobbins vary in their design depending on the roughness of the sea bed which is being fished, varying from small rubber discs for very smooth, sandy ground, to large metal balls, up to 0.
These bobbins can also be designed to lift the net off the seabed when they hit an obstacle. These are known as "rock-hopper" gear.
The body of the trawl is funnel-like, wide at its "mouth" and narrowing towards the cod end, and usually is fitted with wings of netting at the both sides of the mouth.
It is long enough to assure adequate flow of water and prevent fish from escaping the net, after having been caught.
It is made of diamond-meshed netting, the size of the meshes decreasing from the front of the net towards the codend.
Into the body, fish and turtle escape devices can be fitted. These can be simple structures like "square mesh panels", which are easier for smaller fish to pass through, or more complicated devices, such as bycatch grills.
The cod end is the trailing end of the net where fish are finally "caught". Fine-tune your crush skills here.
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